Alamance county was formed in 1849 from the previous Orange county. The name is supposedly derived from the Indian word meaning "blue clay." The county gets its name from the Alamance Creek on the banks of which was fought the battle between the colonial troops under Governor Tryon and the Regulators on May 17, 1771. It is in the central part of the State and is bounded by Orange, Chatham, Randolph, Guilford, and Caswell counties. The present land area is 429.99 square miles and the 2000 population was 130,800. The first court was ordered to be held at Providence Meeting House until a courthouse could be erected, provided the justices of the peace at the first session did not select some other place for all subsequent courts until the buildings were completed. Commissioners were named to select a site in the center of the county, acquire land, erect a courthouse, and lay out a town by the name of Graham. Graham was established in 1851 and is the county seat.

Early on, Alamance County was the home of several local tribes of Native Americans. Although it experienced the occasional visit from hunters, traders, etc., European settlement of this area earnestly began in the mid-1700's.

The early European settlers were mainly farmers who lived on what was, at the time, the frontier area of North Carolina. Originally part of Orange County, the area that would eventually be known as Alamance County experienced one of its most notable events in 1771 when a group of disorganized protesters called the Regulators, mostly farmers, engaged in a pre-Revolutionary War battle against the North Carolina Militia, led by Governor William Tryon at Alamance Creek.

Although not a direct rebellion against the crown, the Battle of Alamance was an important early demonstration of the growing dissatisfaction with the crown.

The dissatisfaction with English rule led the Alamance area to be a key location during the American Revolution. Although no major battles took place in the county, several minor conflicts occurred, a few of which would eventually help to weaken the British Army for the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. Although the Americans lost that battle, the English suffered sufficient losses to weaken them further for the approaching Battle of Yorktown, where the United States would win its independence.

Current Demographics

Alamance is a village in Alamance County, North Carolina, United States. It is part of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area .

As of the census of 2010, there were 951 people, 365 households, and 291 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,285.1 people per square mile (482.7/km²). There were 401 housing units at an average density of 541.9 per square mile (203.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 94.8% White, 2.9% African American , 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 365 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.7% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 19, 4.1% from 20 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 28% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years.

The median income for a household in the village was $84,250, and the median income for a family was $93,125. The per capita income for the village was $35,037. About 1.1% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 21.9% of those age 65 or over.